Thailand is a Kingdom (official name is, Kingdom of Thailand). Thai means in English is free, so Thailand means ‘’Land of the free.’’ This is their honor that, Thailand is the only one country that never colonized in Southeast Asia by Great Britain and France. Population of Thailand is approx. 65 million. (75 % is Thai, 11% Chinese, 3.5 % Malays and others). 6 million of the people are living in capital city, Bangkok. Local time is GMT +7 hours.
King of Thailand is Rama 9. All people respect their king, and you will see King’s and Queens Picture all over the country, such as homes, streets, shops etc.
Their flag name is in Thai, ‘’THONG TRAIRONG’’. English meaning is ‘’tricolor flag’’. It combines Blue, Red and White. All has meaning. Blue means the monarchy of Thailand. Red means Thai people and White means their religion, Buddhism. Their national anthem is Phleng Chaat. If you see this song in Thailand, stand up and wait until finish the song.
Capital city of Thailand is, Bangkok. In Thai, it calls Krung Thep (English meaning is ‘’ the city of angels’’.)
Their national language is Thai. You can use English in big cities like Bangkok, or hotels, big restaurants, anywhere any tourist attraction.
Thailand’s neighbors are Malaysia (South), Myanmar (West& North), Laos (North& East) and Cambodia (Southeast). Gulf of Thailand is east coast borders and Andaman Sea is West coast. Thailand is divided 5 regions; The North, Northeast, the central, the East and South.
In Northern, Northeastern and central Thailand have 3 seasons; March to May is hot, June to October is rainy and November to February is cool. And there are 2 seasons in in South; April to November is rainy and December to March is hot. Temperature in Thailand is average 29 Celsius degree. November to January, it is cool in Bangkok and Northern part (such as Chiang Mai) sometimes under 10 Celsius at early morning. If you want to visit Northern Mountain (such as Doi Inthanon) it can be under zero.
We highly recommend you to wear cool and light clothes. Thin cotton can be the best choice. In cool seasons, jacket and sweaters can be necessary especially if you will visit mountains in North/ northeast areas.
Thai currency is Baht (THB). 1 US dollar is about 37 THB. (Basic in 2015 December). You can easily find to eat something about US$ 4.
Thai people are mostly Buddhists (about 94 %) and Muslims follow them (about 5 %) then, Christians and others .(1%). Buddhism has 2 different part; Mahayana and Theravana. Thailand Buddhism is different from Japan’s. Japan’s believe Mahayana but Thai people believe Therevana. Therevana came to Thailand from Srilanka. They believe that, only, who choose Monastery life can be reach Nirvana. Thai’s always respect their religion. Even though they are polite and always smile, if you do or say any disrespect things, they can against you. While visiting their Monastery, you should take it of your shoes. You should cover your skin, wear long sleeved t-shirts. You should cover your head. Women should not touch lamas directly. At the mornings, Buddhist mongs visit the houses and want something to eat or donation. Buddhists in Thailand, working for have good chance, health and Money. They are merit making with sing anthem, working in monastery as a volunteer.
The major agricultural exports are rubber, sugar and rice. And the major manufactured exports are computer & computer accessories, cars and spare parts, gems and jewelers, petroleum products, plastic resin, chemicals and integrated circuit.
US citizens do not need visa for visiting Thailand for maximum 30 days. Please check the web address below for makes sure everything.