Spain official name is The Kingdom of Spain. Capital city is Madrid. Spain located in southern Europe in the Iberian Peninsula together with Portugal. Population of Spain is Around 44,7 million. Largest cities in Spain: Madrid 5.9 million inhabitants, Barcelona 5.3 million inhabitants, Valencia 1.6 million inhabitants.Spain currency is Euro.Their national language is Spanish (Catalan, Valencian, Gallego, Euskera are independent languages spoken in Catalonia, Valencia, Galicia and The Basque Country).
THE HISTORY OF SPAIN
Spain dates back to the Early Middle Ages. In 1516, Habsburg Spain unified a number of disparate predecessor kingdoms; its modern form of a constitutional monarchy was introduced in 1813, and the current democratic constitution dates to 1978.After the completion of the Reconquista, the kingdoms of Spain were united under Habsburg rule in 1516. At the same time, the Spanish began to expand to the New World across the ocean, marking the beginning of the Golden Age of Spain, during which, from the early 1500s to the 1650s, Habsburg Spain was among the most powerful states in Europe. Fragmented by the war, Spain at the beginning of the 19th century was destabilized as different political parties representing "liberal", "reactionary", and "moderate" groups throughout the remainder of the century fought for and won short-lived control without any being sufficiently strong to bring about lasting stability. The former Spanish Empire overseas quickly disintegrated with the Latin American wars of independence and eventually the loss of what old colonies remained in the Spanish–American War of 1898.The war ended in a nationalist dictatorship, led by Francisco Franco, which controlled the Spanish government until 1975. The financial crisis of 2007–08 ended a decade of economic boom and Spain entered a recession and debt crisis and remains plagued by very high unemployment and a weak economy. Spain is ranked as a middle power able to exert regional influence but unlike other powers with similar status (such as Germany, Italy and Japan) it is not part of the G8 and participates in the G20 only as a guest. Spain is part of the G6.
RELIGION OF SPAIN
Spain religion is approximately 90% of the population is Catholic and there is freedom of religion in Spain.
THE WEATHER OF SPAIN
The climate in Spain has a great diversity. In the North of Spain lies the green and rainy part of the country. Along the whole coastline to the south and east of Spain you find a very dry zone with high average temperatures all year around. Last the climate in the central part of Spain varies from dry and hot in the summer to cold and rainy/snowy in the winter. The coastal regions are as well the most popular destination for the many tourists visiting Spain each year. The tourist comes to Spain to experience the sun, the food and hospitality as well as to discover the country's rich heritage of monuments and sights, the imprint of the different civilizations, share in the local fiestas and traditions and to study the customs and language.
There are lots of major tourist destinations in Spain. There is a lot of historic monuments and scenic areas of tourist interest.
For US citizens do not need visa for visiting Spain for maximum 90 days.
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